In September 2015 the Commission launched the Cross-border Review to study the obstacles that people in the border regions are still facing. Part of this review was an EU-wide public consultation, for which the results have been unveiled.
Not only did respondents clearly identify remaining cross-border issues, but they were also asked to put forward concrete ideas on how to overcome them, which are compiled in this report.
They mention five main obstacles:
- legal and administrative barriers (lack of recognition of qualifications, differences in social security, pension and taxation systems),
- language barriers,
- difficult physical access (lack of infrastructures and of integrated public transport systems),
- lack of cooperation between public authorities on cross-border issues, and
- economic disparities (differences in the labour market and wages, creating asymmetric flows).
More than €10 billion from ESI Funds will be invested in fostering cross-border cooperation over 2014-2020.